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Guru Nanak Dev Ji (1469 - 1539 A.D.)
Guru Nanak Dev Ji

Guru Nanak was born on 15th April 1469 at Talwandi in the Sheikupura district of west punjab in a Kshatriya family of the Bedi subgroup and seems to have been brought up an orthodox Hindu in a district where there were both Hindus and Muslims lived together. Nanak was the only son of his parents. The village where he was born, came to be known in due course as Nanakana Sahib. His mother Tripta and his sister Nanaki dotes on him. His father was revenue superintendent for Rai Bular the Muslim owner of the village Talwandi. At young age he tells of the his education in Sanskrit at the hands of the village pandit and in Persian and Arabic in the Talwandi Muslim school. The village school teacher, Gopal Panda, found in a short while that he had nothing more to teach Nanak. Istead, Nanak told his teacher that without knowing God all other knowledge was meaningless.

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Guru Angad Dev Ji (1504-1552, Gurugadhi 1539-1552)
Guru Angad dev ji

 

Guru Angad Dev was born on March 31, 1504 in village Karike in Ferozpur district of Punjab. His father, Bhai Pherur was a trader. His parents called him Lehna. He got married at the age of fifteen. His wife, Khivi was a native of mattei di Saria in Ferozepur district. Bhai Lehna's had two daughters, Amro and Anokhi, and two sons called Dasu and Datu. During the Mughals invasion, Bhai Lehna and his father moved to Khadur, near Tarun Taran. He became a devotee of Durga, the goddess of Shakti. He used to organize yearly pilgrimage of devout Hindus to temple Jawalamukhi. They went singing and dancing all the way.

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Guru Amar Das Ji (1479-1574, Gurugadhi 1552-1574)
Guru Amar Das Ji

 

Guru Amar Das was born on April 5, 1479 at Basarka village in Amritsar district. he was the eldest son of his parents, Bhai Tej Bhan and Mata Laskmi. At the age of 24, he was married to Mansa Devi who gave birth to two sons, Mohan and Mohri, and two daughters, Bibi Dani and Bibi Bhani.He was seventy-three year old when Amar Das was ordained the Guru.

 

 

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Guru Ram Das Ji (1534 -1581, Gurugadhi 1574-1581)

Guru Ram Das the son of Hari Das, a Khatri and Anup Devi Known as Daya Kaur, who lived in Chuna Mandi in Lahore. They were God-fearing and led a simple life. After twelve long years of prayers, they were blessed with a son in 1534. He was formally given the name of Ram Das, though he was popularly known as Jetha - first born. When he grew up he was always found in the company of holy man. His parents were keen that he should take to some worthwhile avocation, so that he could earn his living like everyone else. Accordingly, Daya Kaur prepared a bag full of roasted gram and gave it to Jetha to go out and sell. Jetha sent to the bank of the river Ravi and fed the gram to a group of Yogis who had eaten nothing that day. Later he came to Goindwal and stayed here close to Guru Amar Das (The third guru).

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Guru Arjan Dev Ji (1563 -1606, Gurugadhi 1581 -1606)

Guru Arjan was born at Goindwal in 1563. He was the youngest son of Bhai Jetha (later Guru Ram Das) and Bibi Bhani. He was the first Guru to have been born a Sikh. It is said that there was unusual rejoicing at his birth. Guru Amar Das was extremely hond of Arjan, who as a child was always hovering around him. It is said that once when the Guru was having his siesta in the afternoon, young Arjan quietly slipped into his room and woke him up. Nobody ever disturbed the Guru during his afternoon nap, since he got up very early in the morning for his meditation and prayers. The attendant was nervous and ran to pick up the child from the Guru's chamber. The Guru forbade him and observed "EH MERA DOHTA DUNI DA BOHTA HOVERGA" This grandson of mine will cruise people across the ocean of life.


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Guru Har Gobind Ji (1563 -1606, Gurugadhi 1581 -1606)

Guru Hargobind obeyed the last injunction of his father, 'let him sit fully armed on his throne and maintain an army to the best of his ability'. He declared, 'My seli shall be the sword-belt and on my turban I shall wear the aigrette, the symbol of royalty'. Guru Hargobind wear two swords PIRI and MIRI. Piri is derived from the same root as the word 'PIR' used in Sufism to denote religious teacher. It is of Persian origin and in the Guru Granth Sahib it is used as the Muslim equivalent of the word guru. Miri is derived from another word which entered India with Islam. The title Amir meaning commander of the faithful was certainly used by the Caliph Umar. The use of piri and miri by the sixth Guru is regarded as bringing a new emphasis to a concept which is as old as Sikhism, Guru Nanak had confronted Babar with his unjust imprisonment of Indian princes, and though he is usually depicted as a pacifist he certainly sanctioned resistance to evil.


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Guru Har Rai Ji (1630 -1661, Gurgadhi 1644-1661)

Guru Har Gobind had five sons and one daughter. The eldest son was Baba Gurditta who had two sons, Dhir Mal and Har Rai. Dhir Mal turned out disloyal and disobedient. He had some influence in the court of Emperor Aurangzeb and was in communication with the Guru's enemies. When Guru Har Gobind moved to Kiratpur, Dhir Mal with his mother, remained at Kartarpur and took possession of the Guru's property and also of his priceless original copy of the Adi Granth. he thought that as long as he had its possession, the Sikhs would look upon him as their religious leader. Dhir mal refused Guru's invitation to come to Kiratpur on his father's death. Guru Har Gobind nominated Har Rai, younger brother of Dhir Mal, as his successor before he departed for the heavenly abode on March 3,1644.


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Guru Harkrishan Ji (1656 -1664, Gurgadhi 1661-1664)

 

 

Guru Har Kishen who was the second and the youngest son of Guru Har Rai and Mata Krishen Kaur, was born on 7th of July, 1656 at Kiratpur. Guru Har Kishen was appointed Guru when he was five years and three months old.

 


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Guru Teg Bahadur Ji (1621-1675, Gurgadhi 1664-1675)

 

 

Guru Tegh Bahadur was the fifth and the youngest son of Guru har Gobind and was born on the first of April, 1621 to Mata Nanaki at Amritsar, Guru ke Mahal. he married to Mata Gujri, daughter of Lal chand of Kartarpur in Jullandhur district. After Guru Har Gobind, he with his mother, Mata Nanaki and his wife went to live in Bakala.

 

 

 

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Guru Gobind Ji (1666 -1708, Gurgadhi 1675-1708)

 

 

Guru Gobind Singh was born at Patna in Northen Bihar on December 26, 1666. His father, Guru Tegh Bahadur was then in Assam with Raja Bishan Singh, and was moving about in remote parts of the country spreading his mission. At time, a muslim faqir Bhikham Shah said Namaz and bowed towards the East, which was contrary to Muslim customs. When his disciples asked him the reason he replied that there had just been born in Patna the greatest prophet who should re-establish faith and destroy the evil.

 

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Dhan Dhan Baba Deep Singh Ji

“He alone is known as a spiritual hero, who fights in defense of righteousness.
He may be cut apart, piece by piece, but he never leaves the field of battle! ||2||2||”
– Bhagat Kabeer (AGGS, 1105)

Baba Deep Singh Ji ShaheedBaba Deep Singh ji is revered by Sikhs as one of the most honoured martyrs. He is remembered for his devotion to the Sikh religion, and his sacrifice for the Harmandir Sahib, commonly referred to as the Golden Temple. Baba ji was born in a village called Pohuwind in the district of Amritsar, in 1682. He went to Anandpur Sahib on the day of Vaisakhi, and was initiated into Khalsa. Like the other Khalsas, he spent much time learning martial arts and discipline, horse riding, and studying of Adi Granth, the Sikh scripture. In 1702, he got married and settled down. Later, he helped make copies of Adi Granth, with Bhai Mani Singh.

In 1708, he went on several campaigns under Banda Singh Bahadur, and was later appointed by Nawab Kapur Singh in 1733. During the Vaisakhi of 1748, 65 smaller squads got united, and were reorganized to 12 bigger ones, with Baba Deep Singh ji as the leader for one of them. This squad was named Shaheed, after Baba ji’s martyrdom.

Baba Deep Singh ji on his missions, saved many women and children from the hands of Ahmad Shah Abdali – during Abdali’s 4th invansion. He also recovered the vast amounts of treasure that Abdali was transporting along with the female slaves. Abdali, while departing from Lahore, ordered his son also the governor of Lahore, Taimur Shah, to demolish gurudwaras. When Baba ji heard of his actions, he immediately called forth a meeting at Harimandir Sahib. Seeing approximately 5000 Khalsa move to the Gurudwara, Taimur Shah planned an attack. He positioned his armies 6 miles from Harimandir Sahib; it wasn’t long before both armies clashed near Gohalwar in 1757.

During the battle, an opposing commander by the name of Attal Khan made a fatal blow on Baba Deep Singh ji’s neck. A nearby Sikh reminded him of his duties, and hearing this Baba Deep Singh ji supported his broken neck with one hand, picked up his Khanda with the other, and charged! He was filled with such strength that he continued the fight until he reached the periphery of Harmandir Sahib, where he passed away.

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* All images are Artists impressions & do not represent the true likeliness of the Gurus

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